CNO Legal Glossary
- En banc
- French, meaning “on the bench.” All judges who make up a particular appellate court sitting together to hear a case, instead of the usual panel of three judges.
- A court remedy that does not involve a payment of money for damages.
- Et al.
- Latin, meaning “and others.” An abbreviation usually used after the first name listed in a case name when there are many parties. (ex: “Smith et al. v. Jones, et al.”)
- Information presented in testimony or in documents, according to specific court rules, and used to prove a case to the judge or jury.
- Exclusionary rule
- Doctrine that says evidence obtained in violation of a criminal defendant’s rights is not admissible at trial.
- Exculpatory evidence
- Evidence indicating that a defendant did not commit the crime.
- Executory contracts
- Contracts or leases under which both parties to the agreement have duties remaining to be performed.
- Ex parte
- Latin, meaning “of one part.” On behalf of one party only, and without notice to the other side.
- The court’s sealing of a first-time offender’s criminal record so it is not publicly available.
The CNO Legal Glossary is part of an ongoing effort to educate the public about the courts and explain the legal system. The glossary is an evolving, interactive public resource. CNO encourages readers to send in their ideas for words and phrases to be considered for inclusion in the glossary. Submit your suggestions to CNO@sc.ohio.gov. The content of the CNO Legal Glossary does not represent the legal views of the court and is not considered or consulted by the justices in case deliberations.